ISCRAM Workshop "Transboundary Crisis"
INTRODUCTION TO THE WORKSHOP
We are facing increasingly complex threats that often are of transboundary nature. According to Boin, Busuioc, and Groenleer (2014, p. 420)the “characteristic of a transboundary crisis or disaster is its potential to jump geographical borders and policy boundaries”. The transboundary crisis ischallenging and also of unique nature. “What sets trans boundary crisis apart, however, is that they create a need for extreme adaption and unprecedented cooperation under conditions in which these are most difficult to achieve – when the capacity and authority for response is distributed across multiple organizations and jurisdictions and when the crisis itself creates difficult patterns of interdependence among the actors involved” (Ansell, Boin, & Keller, 2010, p. 204).
The transboundary crisis come with specific challenges, which according to Boin et al. (2014)is
1. National authorities have problem to make sense of the crisis,
2. It is hard (almost impossible) to coordinate across borders,
3. It is hard to establish legitimacy for the response.
In this workshop we are focusing on the first two of these challenges.
Beside the above the more general challenges during crisis as unclear mandates amongst involved actors, and unclear chain of command is even more challenging during transboundary crisis.
For correct decisions sense making is crucial during larger crisis and a prerequisite is often qualitative information sharing amongst involved actors during a crisis. Even during less complex crisis, information sharing could be problematic (Borglund, Landgren, & Lintzen, 2014). To know what to share, how to share and who should we share the information with is standard questions. During transboundary crisis these questions become even more problematic. National as well as organizational procedures for crisis management differs which makes coordination problematic.
In this workshop we are interested in two overall questions to discuss. 1. What kind of information systems is suitable for supporting sense making processes during transboundary crisis? 2. How can first responders use technology to prepare for transboundary crisis and cross border collaboration?
- Information sharing across boundaries
- Command and control across boundaries
- Prepare for transboundary crisis and cross border collaboration
- Prepare for recovery from transboundary crisis
- Cross border resilience
The organizers of the workshop are IS researchers from Northern Europe and the following presenters are meant to be presenting during the workshop.
Professor Dr Erik Borglund, Mid Sweden University
Adjunct professor Dr Björn Johansson, Linköping University
Professor Dr Sofie Pilemalm Linköping University
Assistant professor Dr Monica Magnusson
Trond Olav Skevik, Nord University
Marcus Wiens , Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Eric Rigaud, Centre MINES ParisTech
Anouck Adrot, Dauphine Recherches en Management (DRM) University Paris-Dauphine
This workshop aims to bring together researchers, technologists, practitioners, and funding agency representatives who are interested in 1. discussing how technology can be used and enhance information sharing, and collaboration during transboundary crisis, and 2. How technology can be used to prepare, and train first responders in cross border collaboration during transboundary crisis. This workshop takes the format of a series of sessions based on presentation following discussions. We believe that the workshop have the potential to identify and discuss further research needs in the domain of cross national crisis.
The presentations are covering the topic presented above, and should be seen as inspiration/introduction to continuing discussions.
Erik Borglund, firstname.lastname@example.org Mid Sweden University
Björn Johansson, email@example.com, Linköping University
Monica Magnusson, firstname.lastname@example.org, Karlstad University
Marcus Wiens, email@example.com, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Anouck Adrot, firstname.lastname@example.org, University Paris Dauphine
Eric Rigaud, email@example.com, Mines ParisTech
Frank Fiedrich, firstname.lastname@example.org, Bergische Universität Wuppertal
Blacksburg, Virginia (USA)